[Mne_analysis] Coherent Source Region Suppression - beamformer

Sarang S. Dalal sarang at cfin.au.dk
Thu Sep 24 04:32:23 EDT 2020
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Hi Noa,

Thanks for your interest in our method. To answer your question here, I don't believe there is any similar implementation in MNE yet. :-)

I'll copy here my response on the FieldTrip thread, in case others on the MNE list are curious about these issues:

Our original approach was designed for time domain beamforming, so it seems you'd indeed need the one that Jan-Mathijs suggested for DICS / frequency-domain beamforming [the 'pcc' method in FieldTrip]. But if you're still interested, our very original time domain implementation is still distributed with the Nutmeg package I used to be involved with:

However, in our experience, the spatial correlation issue is less likely to occur for high frequency responses in general, since only a few milliseconds of delay between the left and right hemispheres is enough to substantially reduce the spatial correlation between them and allow the beamformer to successfully separate the sources.

Furthermore, back in 2006, it was common to perform beamforming based on the sample covariance of the averaged evoked responses. As it turns out, this exacerbated the problem of bilateral correlated sources. Since then, most beamformer implementations (including FieldTrip, Nutmeg, and MNE-Python) compute the sample covariance using unaveraged trials by default; the trial-to-trial correlation between left and right auditory cortex is usually not nearly as high as it is in the average, which allows the sources to be successfully separated. Even with standard auditory evoked responses, I've found that the cancellation is much less likely to occur when the sample covariance is computed this way.

Although I haven't tried DICS for auditory responses, we've had great results with localizing high gamma band auditory MEG responses using time domain beamforming together with the Hilbert transform for the frequencies of interest. High gamma band activity seems to be generally more difficult to resolve with EEG; that might be due to head model quality or simply lower sensitivity for the particular auditory cortex sources. To maximize EEG head model quality, I'd recommend using digitized electrode positions and BEM head models generated from segmented individual MRIs.

Hope that helps, and I'd be happy to discuss further.

All the best,

On Tue, 2020-09-22 at 12:38 +0300, נועה הכהן wrote:

Hello all,

I am working on high dense eeg data, with auditory stimuli. I tried to use dics beamformer in order to localize the gamma waves, but due to the spatial correlation in the signal, I didn't get optimal results (as I understand it..). I read about method that deal with this issue- by using weights for the coherent sources (Modified Beamformers for Coherent Source Region Suppression, Sarang S. Dalal<https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Dalal%20SS%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=16830939> ). Are there any application of this (or similar) method in MNE?
I will be glad to hear about this issue,
thanks, Noa


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